Mali Empire ruled the various parts of Guinea-Bissau under the kingdom of Gabu. Guinea-Bissau was under the Portuguese for a long time that lasted from 1450s to 1970s. The Portuguese used slave labors for cultivating cotton and indigo and they were also sold to Europe and few parts of the America. It is because of this reason that Guinea-Bissau was also known as Slave Coast. In between these years, Guinea-Bissau was also under Colonial rule during the period of 1874-1886. 1974 and 1975 was the year of independence for Portuguese Guinea and the Cape Verda separately.
Republica da Guine-Bissau is the national name with Bissau as its capital city. The country is spread in a total area of 13,120 sq.km with a population of 1,472,041. Most of the population have an indigenous beliefs followed by Islamic religion and Christianity. Portuguese is the official language of the country whereas Criolo and African languages are spoken in the community.
Agriculture is the main source of income for majority of population. Farmers are involved in cultivating crops like rice, corn, beans, peanuts, cashewnuts and cotton. Manufacturing beer and soft drinks are the major industrial areas of interest. The country has a rich storage of natural resources like timber, phosphates, clay, granite, bauxite and unexploited deposits of petroleum. India, Portugal, China and U.S are the major trading partners for Guinea-Bissau. Besides this, construction, tourism, fisheries and banking are evolving rapidly in the different parts of the nation.