Australia is a nation located in the Southern Hemisphere embracing the mainland of the globe’s nominal continent. Basically, it embraces the key land mass of Tasmania and few other petite islands consigned on the Pacific, Southern, and Indian Oceans. Australia’s surrounding nations are New Caledonia and Vanuatu situated to the north-east, New Zealand located towards the south-east, and New Guinea, Indonesia, Papua, and East Timor are consigned towards the north of Australia. Canberra is the capital of Australia and English is the official spoken language across the nation. On the political forefront, Australia is governed by a Parliamentary Democratic Government.
Historically, on 1st of January, 1901, the prime six colonies emerged as an alliance, after which Australia was termed as an Independent nation. The gross estimated population of the nation is around 21 million, which is hugely concerted in the mainland state capitals of Adelaide, Melbourne, Perth, Sydney, and Brisbane. Though, a major part of Australia’s land is semi-humid or under desert, but it coats a miscellaneous array of habitations from the tropical rainy woodlands to the alpine heaths, which makes Australia a mega-sundry nation. The grand era and subsequent low modes of fruitfulness nature of the nation, its exceptional climatic formats and long-term topographic segregation makes the biology of Australia quite exclusive and unusual.